CNC Tool Holders: What are They and What are the Different Types?

Author: CC

Dec. 11, 2023

Tools

CNC Tool Holders: What are They and What are the Different Types?

CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machines are widely used in the manufacturing industry to produce complex and precise parts. One important component of these machines is the tool holder, which is responsible for holding the cutting tool in place and transmitting the cutting forces to the workpiece. In this article, we will discuss what CNC toolholders are, their importance in machining, and the different types available in the market.

 

What are CNC Tool Holders?

A CNC tool holder is a device that is used to hold the cutting tool in place during the machining process. It is attached to the spindle of the CNC machine and is responsible for transmitting the cutting forces to the workpiece. The tool holder must be designed to securely hold the cutting tool in place and prevent any movement or vibration during the cutting operation. This is important to ensure the accuracy and quality of the final product.

Type C2 Toolholder

 Type C2 Toolholder

Importance of CNC Tool Holders

The CNC tool holder plays a crucial role in the machining process. It not only holds the cutting tool in place but also ensures that the cutting forces are transmitted to the workpiece accurately. A poorly designed or worn out tool holder can cause a variety of problems, such as poor surface finish, tool breakage, and inaccurate dimensions.

 

Therefore, it is important to choose the right tool holder for the job and to maintain it properly. This can help improve the performance of the CNC machine, increase productivity, and reduce the overall cost of manufacturing.

 

Different Types of CNC Tool Holders

There are several types of CNC tool holders available in the market, each designed to suit specific machining requirements. The following are some of the most common types:

 

1. Collet Chuck

A collet chuck is a type of tool holder that is used to hold small diameter cutting tools. It consists of a collet that is inserted into the chuck body and tightened using a drawbar. The collet compresses around the cutting tool, holding it in place.

 

Collet chucks are popular due to their high clamping force and accuracy. They are commonly used in milling and drilling applications and are available in different sizes and configurations to suit various cutting tool types.

Type B7 Toolholder

 Type B7 Toolholder

2. Hydraulic Chuck

A hydraulic chuck is a type of tool holder that uses hydraulic pressure to clamp the cutting tool. It consists of a hollow body that contains hydraulic fluid and a piston that applies pressure to the collet or chuck to clamp the tool.

 

Hydraulic chucks are known for their high clamping force and accuracy. They are commonly used in high-speed machining applications, such as milling and drilling, where precision and rigidity are important.

 

3. Shrink Fit Chuck

A shrink fit chuck is a type of tool holder that uses heat to expand the chuck body and compress the cutting tool. It consists of a chuck body and a sleeve that is inserted over the cutting tool. The assembly is heated, causing the chuck body to expand and grip the tool.

 

Shrink fit chucks are known for their high clamping force and runout accuracy. They are commonly used in high-speed machining applications, such as milling and drilling, where runout and vibration are critical factors.

 

4. Milling Chuck

A milling chuck is a type of tool holder that is used to hold milling cutters. It consists of a chuck body that is attached to the spindle of the CNC machine and a collet that is inserted into the chuck body and tightened using a drawbar.

 

Milling chucks are popular due to their high clamping force and accuracy. They are commonly used in milling applications and are available in different sizes and configurations to suit various milling cutter types.


Ruihan's collets, toolholders, milling cutters, turning tools have a long-term stable output in many countries. Ruihan's scientific research team has completed dozens of customized new products according to customer requirements, with stable quality and excellent market response, showing the brand's innovative power.


If you need more information or support on CNC tool holder, please don’t hesitate to contact us at info@ruihantools.com, we will try our best to support you.


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